It is amazing how many things can be built from the simple Legos® and Knex® construction sets. The building blocks are simple but can be attached in many ways to create complex and imaginative creations such as bridges, towers and actual miniature cities. It is useful to compare the basic structures of language to the building blocks of these construction sets. Even though the building blocks of language are simple, they can be combined to express intricate thoughts and ideas.
Because Junction Grammar (JG) defines the various connections of concepts in our mind, it could easily be called Connection Grammar. JG might also be called a Combining Grammar because of its ability to show logically just how language structures can be combined together in a sentence.
We will now explore how the building blocks of language can be used to picture how language can be connected together so we can communicate.
Four Parts of Speech
JG theory defines only four parts of speech: Nouns, Verbs, Adjective/Adverbs (we’ll call them Ads) and Prepositions. Specialized parts of speech or function words such as the are represented as one of these basic categories. In the case of the, it is classified as a noun. The four categories are pictured by using their first letter: N, V, A or P.
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